Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Planning

Notes from class:   Choose a novel or short story in which there is a character who experiences rejection or isolation. With reference to appropriate techniques, explain the rejection or isolation, and discuss how this aspect adds to your appreciation of the text as a whole. 5 point introduction Section 1. Tess experiences rejection by Angel Clare. “You were one woman, you are now another.” … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Planning

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Introductions

The hypocrisy of Angel Clare is rank, and he bears huge responsibility for the tragic fate of Tess Durbeyfield (“Tess of the d’Urbervilles”, 1891). Hardy’s characterisation of Angel as man who will not be bound by social convention creates hope for happiness in his heroine, but Clare’s cowardly rejection of Tess reveals both the weakness of his character, and also the punishing social conventions of … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Introductions

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Notes from Class

Title: “Tess of the d’Urbervilles” Name of the author: Thomas Hardy Date: 1891 Gist: A young working class girl’s terrible fate which unfolds after she is raped by an upper class man in Victorian England. Intention: How Tess’s rejection by Angel sheds light on the rest of the novel.   Answers to questions on Prose Fiction should refer to the text and to such relevant … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Notes from Class

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Sample Dice Revision Paragraphs

Heritage/ Alec Alec’s heritage is central to a key misunderstanding in the novel. D’Uurberville’s original family name was Stoke, and his father simply bought the name to give his family an aristocratic history. However, this was unknown to Tess or her father, so Tess effectively seeks a family connection with the wrong family. Her father, drunk, proclaims that his family has “skellingtons” in a tomb … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Sample Dice Revision Paragraphs

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Setting Essay

Choose a novel or short story in which the choice of setting is central to your appreciation of the text. Briefly explain how the writer effectively creates setting and, with reference to appropriate techniques, discuss how the writer’s presentation of the setting is central to your appreciation of the text as a whole.   A major presence, almost an extra character, setting plays a crucial … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Setting Essay

Tess of the d’Urbervilles

As preparation for the podcast task:   Tess Durbeyfield is a positive role model for girls What do we mean by “role model”? Someone successful in their chosen field? Someone who overcomes difficulties? Someone who attempts to make the world a better place? Someone who does not give in when life seems against them? Someone willing to take a stand against injustice? What make a … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quick Planning

Turning Point – Theme of fate Parson Tringham – Heritage The rape – “It was to be” The letter – “blighted star” The hives/ death of Prince – red symbolism Pheasants – shows Tess’s death Stone Henge – Altar Tragic character – Theme Sexism Tess’s parents – they see Tess as a route out of poverty Alec’s seduction – strawberries and the roses Angel’s idealism … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quick Planning

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Significant Moment

Choose a novel or short story in which there is a moment of significance for one of the characters. Explain briefly what the significant moment is and discuss, with reference to appropriate techniques, its significance to the text as a whole. The rape of Tess Durbeyfield is the keystone, around which all of Thomas Hardy’s 1891 novel (“Tess of the d’Urbervilles”) is built. In this single scene, … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Significant Moment

Tess – Ticky-Squeak Example

When Tess is raped, her life is taken in an entirely different direction. Alec forces himself upon Tess when she is asleep, showing how passive she is. While this happens, we are told that “upon her eyelashes there lingered tears”. Hardy uses a degree of ambiguity here – if Tess was asleep, she could not have been conscious of what was happening. The fact that … Continue reading Tess – Ticky-Squeak Example

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Better Introductions

Notes from today’s lunchtime group.   Sample question – How far a character changes over the course of a novel.   A good introduction Tess of the d’Urbervilles is a novel written by Thomas Hardy in 1891. The plot of the drama addresses the fortunes of a young peasant girl in Hardy’s fictional Wessex, who through a range of circumstances beyond her control, is driven … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Better Introductions

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Seventeen

“O why have you treated me so MONSTROUSLY, Angel ! I do not deserve it. I have thought it all over carefully, and I can never, never FORGIVE you!” Tess has come to the realization that Angel’s treatment of her has been disgusting and expresses this in a letter to him. However, Angel is able to be reconciled with Tess, perhaps showing that their love … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Seventeen

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Sixteen

How is the title of this section ironic? To be “fulfilled” usually means achieving some kind of happiness. In this regard it is a strange name for the phase, though on some level, Tess does achieve some fulfilment – a brief period of happiness with Angel before her death (and the end of her suffering). “Fulfilment” is also the end result of a process. So … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Sixteen

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Fifteen

“You, and those like you, take your fill of pleasure on earth by making the life of such as me bitter and BLACK with sorrow; and then it is a fine thing, when you have had enough of that, to think of securing your pleasure in heaven by becoming CONVERTED!” This is a terrifically spirited riposte from Tess. She says that the upper classes have … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Fifteen

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Fourteen

Alec is the convert. He has found Christianity and turned his back on his former life. However, his faith unravels when he meets Tess again. (It is interesting to remember that Angel’s father oversaw Alec’s conversion.) Tess is emotionally exhausted by this point. Angel has not contacted her, and she is living in abject poverty at Flintcombe Ash. The straw which breaks the camel’s back … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Fourteen

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Thirteen

“Angel–is she a young woman whose history will bear INVESTIGATION?” With a mother’s instinct Mrs. Clare had put her finger on the kind of trouble that would cause such a disquiet as seemed to agitate her son. “She is SPOTLESS!” he replied; and he felt that if it had sent him to eternal hell there and then he would have told that lie. ” This … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Thirteen

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Twelve

Angel is unable to forgive Tess because he believes her crime is so heinous as to make her a different person. He says that, “”O Tess, forgiveness does not apply to the case! You were one person; now you are another.” It is because he has put Tess on such a high pedestal that by suggesting she is human, or that she is any way … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Twelve

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Eleven

“Yes; at that dance on the green; but you would not dance with me. O, I hope that is no ill- omen for us now!” Links to Tess’s faith in local superstitions and fate. She feels that Angel’s failure to take Tess as a partner at their first meeting may indicate ill-luck in the future. “She knew that they were waiting like wolves just outside … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Eleven

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Ten

The Consequence refers to the resultant action of Tess’s inability to confess to Angel, but also the after-effects of confessing: Angel’s rejection of her.         Tess makes two attempts to confess her past to Angel. The first time his indulgent attitude causes her to retreat and tell him about her d’Urberville ancestry. Her letter slips under the rug, so that this effort … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Ten

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Nine

“She went stealthily as a cat through this profusion of growth, gathering CUCKOO SPITTLE on her skirts, cracking snails that were underfoot, staining her hands with THISTLE MILK and slug-slime, and rubbing off upon her naked arms sticky blights which, though snow-white on the apple-tree trunks, made madder STAINS on her skin…” The language here is incredibly sensual, emphasising the S, TH and K sounds. … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Nine

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Seven

Describe the image used to show how the vicar feels about Tess having baptised Sorrow herself. “Having the natural feelings of a tradesman at finding that a job he should have been called in for had been unskilfully botched by his customers among themselves” – The vicar is appalled that someone would make such a poor attempt at a task that should have been completed … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Seven

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Six

Comment on TWO images found in this passage. How might they connect to the broader themes of the book? “Sensitive as gossamer” – this reinforces the idea that Tess is fragile and beautiful, and easily broken. The idea is continued in the same line when her skin is described as “blank as snow” – the connotations of whiteness and purity are more clear in the … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Six

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Five

“Did it never STRIKE your mind that what every woman says, some women may feel?” Tess’s first outburst against Alec. Alec says that all women claim that they did not know they were being seduced after they had been seduced – as a way of defending their honour. However, Tess’s naivety is truthful, and it angers her that he can be so dismissive of her … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Five

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Four

Some critics point to Tess’s life as a succession of journeys. Identify two of these journeys and explain what she learns from them and how is she affected by her experience?   The journey to the market when Prince is killed, teaches her that she cannot rely on her parents, but she is crippled by her sense of responsibility to her family afterwards. She journeys … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Four

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Three

“So each had a private little sun for her soul to BASK in; some dream, some affection, some hobby, or at least some remote and distant HOPE….” All of the girls at the dance have their own private hopes which sustain them. Tess differs in that she harbours little hope for the future.   “I don’t know; but I think so. They sometimes seem to … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task Three

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task One

1. The title is a direct reference to Tess, but also has connotations of purity, virginity and the countryside: all ideas which the novel goes on to develop. 2. It suggests that she will be pure in some way. While she may not be pure in the view of the church after her “maidenhead” (virginity) is taken from her, Hardy believes she is pure in … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task One

Tess Essay-Planning

Introduction There are many moments of significance The rape of Tess is the central event in the novel Para 1 The rape itself Tess is attempting to flee he danger of her co-workers Alec takes advantage while she is half-asleep He had had desires on her since the day they met He is a predator Hardy criticises Christianity, which allows the weak to be persecuted … Continue reading Tess Essay-Planning

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task 9

Hardy employs intense symbolism here, comparing Tess to an animal, but also reinforcing the way she is “stained” by the natural world. Her purity is sullied. However, unlike the rape scene, this is a positive scene for Tess as she accepts this staining as part of nature. The vocabulary throughout is loaded with sexual connotations. The listed verbs are all indicators of how little Tess … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Task 9

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – The Most Important Scene in the Novel?

Discuss the following scenes. Try to decide upon one scene which you consider to be the most important scene in the whole novel. Be prepared to explain why you think it is so important. Which themes and/ or characters feature in the scene? How does the scene link to others scenes and other themes?   Parson Tringham informs Jack of his family’s fallen history. Tess … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – The Most Important Scene in the Novel?

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Freudian Analysis

“The outskirt of the garden in which Tess found herself had been left uncultivated for some years, and was now damp and rank with juicy grass which sent up mists of pollen at a touch; and with tall blooming weeds emitting offensive smells – weeds whose red and yellow and purple hues formed a polychrome as dazzling as that of cultivated flowers. She went stealthily … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Freudian Analysis

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Phases 2, 3 and 4

Complete the quotation, painted by the sign-writer: “THY ___________ SLUMBERETH NOT”. Why does Tess sit at the back of the church when she returns home? What is wrong with the location of Sorrow’s grave? Who speaks the following line, and to whom? “Why didn’t you tell me there was danger in men-folk? Why didn’t you warn me?” What is the name of Tess’s home village? … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Phases 2, 3 and 4

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Practice Plan

  Choose a novel in which an incident reveals a flaw in a central character. Explain how the incident reveals this flaw and go on to discuss the importance of the flaw in your understanding of the character. Intro: –        Focus on Tess –        Fault is acquiescence –        Developed through whole novel –        Key to her character Para 1: –        Acquiescence on the Chase –        … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Practice Plan

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses

“Do you believe what you paint?” she asked in low tones. “Believe that tex? Do I believe in my own existence!” “But,” said she tremulously, “suppose your sin was not of your own seeking?” He shook his head. “I cannot split hairs on that burning query,” he said. “I have walked hundreds of miles this past summer, painting these texes on every wall, gate, and … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses

“But some might say, where was Tess ‘s guardian Angel? Where was the providence of her simple faith? Perhaps, . . . he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and not to be awaked . . .. As Tess ‘s own people down in those retreats are never tired of saying among each other in … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses

Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses

“I won’t sell his old body. When we d’Urbervilles was knights in the land, we didn’t sell our chargers for cat’s meat. Let ’em keep their shillings! He’ve served me well in his lifetime, and I won’t part from him now.” Chapter 4 This shows John Durbeyfield’s misplaced sense of his importance after Parson Tringham’s revelation. His family needs the money from Prince’s sale, but … Continue reading Tess of the d’Urbervilles – Quotation Analyses