Denarius of Claudius

Obverse: Laureate bust of Claudius, right. Text around TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P. Reverse: Winged Nemesis advancing right, lifting with her right hand the border of her robe to her face and holds out a winged caduceus with her left hand down to a serpent that is before her feet and is moving forwards. Text around PACI AVGVSTAE. History: Nemesis is depicted … Continue reading Denarius of Claudius

Denarius of Caligula

Obverse: Bare head of Caligula (Gaius) right. Text around C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT COS . Reverse: Radiate head of Divus Augustus right, flanked by two six-rayed stars. History: Upon the death of Tiberius on the 16th of March, 37 AD, the commander of the praetorian guard, a man named Macro, insured the smooth succession of Caligula to the imperial throne. The … Continue reading Denarius of Caligula

Greek Theatre – A Quick Root and Branch   Which god did the Greeks honour with a festival of theatre? Who attended this festival? Where in Athens was the most significant theatre? Why did the chorus actors all wear the same mask? What was the role of the chorus? What was a satyr play? When was the golden age of ancient Greece? What other job did Sophocles have? How many times did … Continue reading Greek Theatre – A Quick Root and Branch

Denarius of Augustus

Obverse: Bare head of Augustus right. Reverse: Capricorn flying right with cornucopia on back and globe and rudder between fore-legs. Text below AVGVSTVS. History: The Capricorn represents Augustus’ birth sign and is in the form of a goat in the forepart terminating in the tail of a fish. The cornucopia and rudder represent Fortune with the horn of abundance and a ships helm as though … Continue reading Denarius of Augustus

Aureus of Claudius

Obverse: Laureate bust of Claudius right. Text around TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P VI IMP XI (IMP XI – imperator eleven times refers to Claudius’ victories in Britain). Reverse: DE BRITANN on architrave of triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue of Claudius riding left between two trophies (groups of shields and armour). Claudius is extending his right hand and holds a spear in … Continue reading Aureus of Claudius

Classical Studies – Athenian Navy Essay

Athens’ supremacy in the 5th century BC was entirely due to the power of her navy. Discuss. The fifth century BC was dominated largely by Athenian power in the Aegean. The creation of the Delian League allowed the polis of Athens to develop control of a diaspora of Athenian puppet governments that facilitated the ascendancy of Attica as a controlling force. While the Athenian navy … Continue reading Classical Studies – Athenian Navy Essay

Classical Studies – Fifth Century BC Timeline

500-490BC 499 BC • The Greek cities of Ionia rebel against Persian rule, with the partial support of Athens 493 BC • After six years the Persians recover control of Ionia, but Athens is now identified as a target for invasion 490 BC • Darius sends a fleet across the Aegean, carrying a large army of infantry and cavalry for an attack on Athens 490 … Continue reading Classical Studies – Fifth Century BC Timeline