Metaphors

 

A metaphor is an expression which says one thing is a thing which it is not.

  • It is, in a way, a LIE. 
  • Phrases can have both a LITERAL and METAPHORICAL meaning.

My dad’s going to kill me.

LITERAL: My dad is going to commit a murder.

But the word “kill” is a lie.

METAPHORICAL: I am in a lot of trouble.

The word comes from the Greek μεταφορά which means to “transfer” over.

  • The boys were glued to the television.
  • Here, the word “glued” is a lie. But we transfer the idea of not moving, being stuck, to the boys watching the television.
  • She had a heart of stone.
  • Here, the word “stone” is a lie. But we transfer the idea of not having any feelings to the woman.

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