Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement on the Case
Jekyll gives an account of his early life, and how he always separated his personality, so few ever saw him indulge in pleasure. He acknowledges that both sides of his personality were “in earnest” but he knew his shame must be hidden. As he grew older, he continued to separate these parts of his life.
To fully divide these two contradictory sides of his personality, he set about experimenting with chemicals. He succeeded in his investigation, discovering a draught that blotted out one of his personalities, and gave full rein to the other. Jekyll was delighted with the results, but slowly became aware that his alter-ego, Edward Hyde, was “pure evil”. Nonetheless, he created a set-up whereby Hyde could indulge in all his anti-social pleasures, without Jekyll ever being discovered. Despite being appalled at Hyde’s actions, Jekyll did not stop.
However, matters came to a head when Jekyll one day transforms into Hyde without using the draught. In order to change back to Jekyll, he is forced to increase the dose. It becomes apparent that he has lost control of the chemicals, and his body prefers the shape of Hyde.
Jekyll is able to stop using the draught for two months, but his curiosity drives him back to it, and the transformations (and crimes) begin again. After two months’ abstinence, the draught causes ecstasy in the doctor, it seems more powerful than ever before. During this second phase, Hyde murders Sir Danvers Carew. Later, the transformations begin again without the draught. Jekyll is terrified and questions whether he is truly Jekyll, or Hyde?
The novel comes to an end with Jekyll confessing that he does not know whether he will survive to correct the changes that have come over him. Moreover, he does not know what will become of Hyde, who he realises he relies upon.