Sherlock Holmes – Biographical Essay

Introduction
v Sherlock Holmes is a character from books written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
v His most famous story was The Hound of the Baskervilles.
v Many of the stories were made into movies and television dramas.

Who is he?

v Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
v Detective.
v Solves mysteries.
v Monument in London.
v Clever – solves almost impossible cases.
v Dr Watson – retired army officer.
v Violin/ pipe.
v Drugs – Cocaine and morphine.
v First appearance – 1887.
v Best detective in the world.
v Hat – going bald.
v Born – 6th January 1854.

Deduction

v Figuring things out based on things you already know.
v The Sign of Four, part one – “The Science of Deduction“.
v Attention to detail – impresses Watson.
v Details that appear unimportant can be crucial in solving a mystery.
v A Study in Scarlet – method is explained in detail.
v Consultant Detective
v Science of Detection is based on analysis and deduction
v Literature, philosophy, astronomy or politics
v Chemistry

Moriarty

v Professor James Moriarty – archenemy.
v Master criminal.
v Mathematical genius.
v Professor of Maths at an English university.
v Moved to London – the centre of organized English crime.
v Sherlock Holmes vs Moriarty – great and famous battle.
v Holmes spoke often of Moriarty’s genius.
v He spoke well of Moriarty.

Conclusion
v For more than 100 years his name has been known in every country of the world; and not only his name, but his appearance too.
v The hawk-like features and piercing eyes; the dressing-gown and pipe; the funny cap and magnifying glass – these details are so familiar that if he were to appear amongst us today we should know him at once.

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